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 Biofizika

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Broj poruka : 88
Datum upisa : 28.11.2007

PočaljiNaslov: Biofizika   Ned Dec 02 2007, 13:14

Biofizika


Biofizika je interdisciplinarna nauka koja proučava biološke sisteme i pojave koristeći principe fizike.


Slavni biofizičari

* Luiđi Galvani, pronalazač bioelektriciteta.
* Herman fon Helmholc, fizikohemičar, prvi koji je merio brzinu nervnog impulsa;ispitivao sluh i vid.
* Alan Hodžkin i Endrju Haksli, matematička teorija jonskog fluksa u nervnim ipulsima.
* Linus Pauling & Robert Corey, co-discoverers of the alpha helix and beta sheet structures in proteins
* Fritz-Albert Popp, pioneer of biophotons work
* J. D. Bernal, X-ray crystallography of plant viruses and proteins
* Rosalind Franklin, Maurice Wilkins, James D. Watson and Francis Crick, pioneers of DNA crystallography and co-discoverers of the genetic code
* Max Perutz & John Kendrew, pioneers of protein crystallography
* Allan Cormack & Godfrey Hounsfield, development of computer assisted tomography
* Pol Laterbur (Paul Lauterbur), (hemičar) i Piter Mensfild (Peter Mansfield) )fizičar) razvili slikanje pomoću nuklearne magnetne rezonancije
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PočaljiNaslov: Re: Biofizika   Ned Dec 02 2007, 13:15

Drugi značajni biofizičari


* Adolf Eugen Fick, responsible for Fick's law of diffusion and a method to determine cardiac output.
* Howard Berg, characterized properties of bacterial chemotaxis
* Steven Block, observed the motions of enzymes such as kinesin and RNA polymerase with optical tweezers
* Carlos Bustamante, known for single-molecule biophysics of molecular motors and biological polymer physics
* Steven Chu, Nobel Laureate who helped develop optical trapping techniques used by many biophysicists
* Friedrich Dessauer, research on radiation, especially X-rays
* John J. Hopfield, worked on error correction in Transcription and Translation (kinetic proof-reading), and associative memory models (Hopfield net)
* Martin Karplus, research on molecular dynamical simulations of biological macromolecules.
* Franklin Offner, professor emeritus at Northwestern University of professor of biophysics, biomedical engineering and electronics who developed a modern prototype of the electroencephalograph and electrocardiograph called the dynograph
* Benoit Roux
* Mikhail Volkenshtein, Revaz Dogonadze & Zurab Urushadze, authors of the 1st Quantum-Mechanical (Physical) Model of Enzyme Catalysis, supported a theory that enzyme catalysis use quantum-mechanical effects such as tunneling.
* John P. Wikswo, research on biomagnetism
* Douglas Warrick, specializing in bird flight (hummingbirds and pigeons)
* Balaji V N, specialized in computational biology
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